The Annual Patton Lecture

The annual Patton Lecture in Insect Physiology is hosted by the Department of Entomology, Cornell University, and sponsored by Dr. Daljit S. and Elaine Sarkaria. The annual traveling lectureship is in honor of Dr Robert L. Patton (1914-2008). Dr Patton was a member of faculty at Cornell from 1939-1978. He was a pioneer in insect electrophysiology and contributed to many other areas of insect physiology.

The 13th Annual Patton Lecture will be given by Professor Bryony Bonning, Iowa State University
on 3rd December 2014 at 12:15 p.m. in 2123 Comstock Hall.  The title of Professor Bonning's presentation is:
Plant Virus-Aphid Vector Molecular Interactions and Associated Technologies

Aphids transmit more than 275 plant viruses that result in considerable economic loss within the agricultural sector. Viruses in the Luteoviridae are obligately transmitted by aphids in a persistent manner that requires virion accumulation in the aphid hemocoel. To enter the hemocoel, the virion must bind and traverse the aphid gut epithelium. The molecular mechanisms involved in this process are poorly understood. By screening a phage display library, we identified a peptide that binds to the gut epithelium of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) and impedes the update of Pea enation mosaic virus (PEMV) from the pea aphid gut into the hemocoel. In this talk, identification of the gut receptor for PEMV and the development of two novel aphid management technologies based on knowledge of pea aphid – PEMV molecular interactions will be described. These technologies provide enhanced delivery of both gut active and neurotoxic peptides.

The Patton Lecturers

2013 Professor David O'Brochta, Department of Entomology, University of Maryland

2012/13 Professor Bill Hansson, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany

2011 Professor Jon Harrison, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University

2010 Professor Serap Aksoy, Head of the Division of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health

2009 Professor Bruno Lemaitre École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland

2008 Professor Julian Dow Integrative and Systems Biology, University of Glasgow

2007 Dr Walter Leal Chemical Ecology and Olfaction Group, Department of Entomology, University of California at Davis

2006 Dr David Denlinger Department of Entomology, Ohio State University

2005 Professor Fred Nijhout Department of Biology, Duke University

2004 Professor Dr Randolf Menzel Freie Universität Berlin

2003 Dr Jim Truman Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm

2002 Professor Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, John Hopkins Malaria Research Institute

 

Robert L. Patton

Robert Patton (1913-2008) was born in Livingston, Montana and received a BS degree from Montana State College, Bozeman and a PhD degree from the University of California, Berkeley. He joined the faculty at Cornell in 1939, and he contributed to the field of insect physiology through research, a textbook and mentoring of 22 graduate students, several of whom became distinguished contributors to the discipline.
Dr Patton was a pioneer in insect electrophysiology. In the early 1950s, he monitored the electrical activity of the insect nervous system using electro-mechanical equipment of his own design. This work was reported in Newsweek magazine. In 1978, he was named a Professor Emeritus and, in 2002, he was honored by Cornell with the creation of a permanent visiting lectureship in his name.

Dr Patton was also skilled in ultra-micro chemistry. During World War II, he was a member of the team that developed a method for the chemical isolation of Plutonium 239. In 1948, he was cited by President Truman for his contribution to the war effort.

Dr Patton was very active in scouting, serving as a troup leader and in other roles, for which he was recognized by the Silver Beaver Award in 1981. He enjoyed playing the clarinet and was an accomplished woodworker.